Taubman Centers, Inc. Issues Fourth Quarter and Full Year 2017 Results and Introduces 2018 Guidance

02/08/2018
  • Mall Tenant Sales Per Square Foot Up 3.2 Percent for the Quarter, Sixth Consecutive Quarter of Positive Sales Growth
  • Industry-leading Sales Per Square Foot $810, Up 2.3 Percent for the Year
  • Occupancy and Average Rent Per Square Foot Up
  • Nordstrom Joining Country Club Plaza Lineup

BLOOMFIELD HILLS, Mich.--(BUSINESS WIRE)-- Taubman Centers, Inc. (NYSE: TCO) today reported financial results for the quarter and full year periods ended December 31, 2017.

                 
  December 31, 2017   December 31, 2016   December 31, 2017   December 31, 2016
    Three Months Ended   Three Months Ended   Year Ended   Year Ended
Net income attributable to common

 

 

 

 

shareowners, diluted (in thousands)

$20,291

$29,361

$55,381

$107,615

Growth rate

  (30.9)%       (48.5)%    
Net income attributable to common

 

 

 

 

shareowners (EPS) per diluted common share

$0.33

$0.48

$0.91

$1.77

Growth rate

  (31.3)%       (48.6)%    
Funds from Operations (FFO) per diluted

 

 

 

 

common share

$1.02

$1.10

$3.51

$3.91

Growth rate

 

(7.3)%

     

(10.2)%

   
Adjusted Funds from Operations (Adjusted

 

 

 

 

FFO) per diluted common share

$1.03 (1)

$1.01 (2)

$3.70 (1)

$3.58 (2)

Growth rate

  2.0%       3.4%    

(1) Adjusted FFO for the three months and year ended December 31, 2017 excludes a restructuring charge, costs associated with shareowner activism, and a gain recognized upon the conversion of the company’s remaining investment in Simon Property Group Limited Partnership units (SPG LP Units) to common shares of SPG. Adjusted FFO for the year ended December 31, 2017 also excludes a charge recognized in connection with the partial write-off of deferred financing costs related to an amendment of the company's primary line of credit in February 2017.

(2) Adjusted FFO for the three months and year ended December 31, 2016 excludes costs associated with shareowner activism and a gain, net of tax, recognized upon the conversion of a portion of the company’s investment in SPG LP Units to common shares of SPG. Adjusted FFO for the year ended December 31, 2016 also excludes a one-time payment the company received in the second quarter due to the termination of the company’s leasing services agreement at The Shops at Crystals (Las Vegas, Nev.).

 

“Notwithstanding a very challenging retail environment, we saw growth in nearly all our key metrics in 2017,” said Robert S. Taubman, chairman, president and chief executive officer of Taubman Centers. “Adjusted FFO, sales, occupancy and average rent were up, and total NOI increased over 10 percent, primarily due to the growth of our newest assets in the U.S. and Asia. We continue to execute on our promise to deliver growth and value to shareholders.”

Operating Statistics

For the year, comparable center NOI was up 1.7 percent (up 0.7 percent excluding lease cancellation income). For the fourth quarter, comparable center NOI was up 0.1 percent (up 0.5 percent excluding lease cancellation income). Comparable center NOI for the year and the quarter benefited from favorable net recoveries and other income. Higher bad debt expense impacted the year-to-date and quarterly comparable center NOI by 0.8 percent and 1.4 percent, respectively.

Comparable center mall tenant sales per square foot were $810 for 2017, an increase of 2.3 percent from 2016. The fourth quarter of 2017 was up 3.2 percent. “This marked our sixth consecutive quarter of positive sales growth, and Holiday sales were especially encouraging,” said Mr. Taubman.

Ending occupancy in comparable centers was 95 percent at year-end, up 0.3 percent from 94.7 percent on December 31, 2016. Ending occupancy in all centers was 94.8 percent, up 0.9 percent from last year.

Leased space in comparable centers was 96 percent at year-end, essentially flat compared to December 31, 2016. Leased space in all centers was 95.9 percent, up 0.3 percent from last year.

For the year, average rent per square foot in comparable centers was $61.66, up 1 percent from $61.07 in 2016. For the fourth quarter, average rent per square foot in comparable centers was $61.35, up 0.6 percent from $60.97 last year.

The trailing 12-month releasing spread per square foot for the period ended December 31, 2017 was 5 percent. This spread was impacted, for the third quarter in a row, by a small number of spaces that opened in early 2017. These spaces have an average lease term of less than two-and-a-half years. Without these leases, the spread was nearly 15 percent.

“As the retail environment continues to stabilize, we’re seeing very good demand for space in our centers,” said Mr. Taubman. “Occupancy, rent, and sales are all at, or near, all-time highs.”

2017 Milestones, Events and Financing Activities

During 2017, the company:

  • Increased the regular quarterly dividend by 5 percent to $0.625 per share of common stock. See Taubman Centers Increases Quarterly Common Dividend 5 Percent to $0.625 Per ShareMarch 2, 2017.
  • Celebrated the opening of CityOn.Zhengzhou in Zhengzhou, China, 100 percent leased with nearly 200 retailers, restaurants and entertainment venues. The center was jointly developed by Taubman Asia and Wangfujing Group Co., Ltd. See The New CityOn.Zhengzhou Shopping Center Opened to Capacity Crowds Today in Henan ProvinceMarch 16, 2017.
  • Repaid the $302 million construction loan on The Mall of San Juan (San Juan, Puerto Rico) – March 16, 2017.
  • Sold the company’s 50 percent owned Valencia Place office tower located within the Country Club Plaza (Kansas City, Mo.) for a net value of $37.6 million at the company’s share March 17, 2017.
  • In September was impacted by Hurricane Irma in Florida and Hurricane Maria in Puerto Rico. The company’s five centers in Florida sustained minimal damage, but were closed between four and 11 days. The Mall of San Juan was closed for approximately one month. The center’s performance will continue to be impacted for the foreseeable future.
  • Announced the appointments of Mayree C. Clark and Michael J. Embler to the company’s Board of Directors, and declassification of the Board by the 2020 annual meeting of shareholders. See Taubman Appoints Two New Independent Directors and Announces Other Governance EnhancementsNovember 9, 2017.
  • Underwent a restructuring of its workforce and reorganization of various functions in response to the completion of another major development cycle and in order to create operational efficiencies. During the three months and year ended December 31, 2017, the company incurred $9.8 million and $13.8 million, respectively, of expenses related to the restructuring.

Nordstrom Joining Country Club Plaza Lineup

Last week, Nordstrom, Inc., announced it is opening a new, state-of-the-art, approximately 116,000-square-foot store at Country Club Plaza, the company’s joint venture in Kansas City, Missouri. The new store is expected to open in 2021. See Nordstrom Announces Relocation of Oak Park Mall Store to Country Club PlazaFebruary 2, 2018.

2018 Guidance

The company is introducing guidance for 2018. Net income attributable to common shareholders (EPS) for the year is expected to be in the range of $1.15 to $1.39.

The company expects FFO per diluted common share to be in the range of $3.72 to $3.86. This guidance does not reflect any future costs that may be incurred related to shareowner activism.

This guidance assumes comparable center NOI growth of 2 to 3 percent for the year.

Supplemental Investor Information Available

The company provides supplemental investor information along with its earnings announcements, available online at www.taubman.com under “Investors.” This includes the following:

  • Earnings Press Release
  • Company Overview
  • Operational Statistics
  • Summary of Key Guidance Measures
  • Income Statements
  • Changes in Funds from Operations and Earnings Per Common Share
  • Balance Sheet Information
  • Debt Summary
  • Capital Spending
  • Owned Centers
  • Redevelopments
  • Anchors & Major Tenants in Owned Portfolio
  • Components of Other Income, Other Operating Expense, and Nonoperating Income, Net
  • Earnings Reconciliations
  • Operating Statistics Glossary

Investor Conference Call

The company will host a conference call at 10:00 a.m. EST on Friday, February 9 to discuss these results, business conditions and the company’s outlook for 2018. The conference call will be simulcast at www.taubman.com. An online replay will follow shortly after the call and continue for approximately 90 days. Shareholders and interested parties may also listen to a live broadcast of the conference call by dialing 1-866-820-1712 or 1-973-638-3468 and using reservation code 5997197.

About Taubman

Taubman Centers is an S&P MidCap 400 Real Estate Investment Trust engaged in the ownership, management and/or leasing of 27 regional, super-regional and outlet shopping centers in the U.S. and Asia. Taubman’s U.S.-owned properties are the most productive in the publicly held U.S. regional mall industry. Founded in 1950, Taubman is headquartered in Bloomfield Hills, Mich. Taubman Asia, founded in 2005, is headquartered in Hong Kong. www.taubman.com.

For ease of use, references in this press release to “Taubman Centers,” “company,” “Taubman” or an operating platform mean Taubman Centers, Inc. and/or one or more of a number of separate, affiliated entities. Business is actually conducted by an affiliated entity rather than Taubman Centers, Inc. itself or the named operating platform.

This press release may contain forward-looking statements within the meaning of Section 27A of the Securities Act of 1933, as amended, and Section 21E of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934, as amended. These statements reflect management's current views with respect to future events and financial performance. Forward-looking statements can be identified by words such as “will”, “may”, “could”, “expect”, “anticipate”, “believes”, “intends”, “should”, “plans”, “estimates”, “approximate”, “guidance” and similar expressions in this press release that predict or indicate future events and trends and that do not report historical matters. The forward-looking statements included in this release are made as of the date hereof. Except as required by law, the company assumes no obligation to update these forward-looking statements, even if new information becomes available in the future. Actual results may differ materially from those expected because of various risks, uncertainties and other factors. Such factors include, but are not limited to: changes in market rental rates; unscheduled closings or bankruptcies of tenants; relationships with anchor tenants; trends in the retail industry; challenges with department stores; changes in consumer shopping behavior; the liquidity of real estate investments; the company’s ability to comply with debt covenants; the availability and terms of financings; changes in market rates of interest and foreign exchange rates for foreign currencies; changes in value of investments in foreign entities; the ability to hedge interest rate and currency risk; risks related to acquiring, developing, expanding, leasing and managing properties; competitors gaining economies of scale through M&A and consolidation activity; changes in value of investments in foreign entities; risks related to joint venture properties; insurance costs and coverage; security breaches that could impact the company’s information technology, infrastructure or personal data; costs associated with response to technology breaches; the loss of key management personnel; shareholder activism costs and related diversion of management time; terrorist activities; maintaining the company’s status as a real estate investment trust; changes in the laws of states, localities, and foreign jurisdictions that may increase taxes on the company’s operations; and changes in global, national, regional and/or local economic and geopolitical climates. You should review the company's filings with the Securities and Exchange Commission, including “Risk Factors” in its most recent Annual Report on Form 10-K and subsequent quarterly reports, for a discussion of such risks and uncertainties.

       
TAUBMAN CENTERS, INC.
Table 1 - Income Statement
For the Three Months Ended December 31, 2017 and 2016
(in thousands of dollars)
  2017 2016
CONSOLIDATED UNCONSOLIDATED CONSOLIDATED UNCONSOLIDATED
BUSINESSES   JOINT VENTURES (1) BUSINESSES   JOINT VENTURES (1)
REVENUES:
Minimum rents 89,980 92,794 87,252 90,580
Overage rents 9,569 8,758 10,060 7,193
Expense recoveries 57,240 48,240 55,176 50,393
Management, leasing, and development services 944 1,736
Other 14,451   7,028   11,967   9,405  
Total revenues 172,184 156,820 166,191 157,571
 
EXPENSES:
Maintenance, taxes, utilities, and promotion 45,510 42,479 46,598 44,212
Other operating 29,157 10,504 21,012 13,458
Management, leasing, and development services 459 1,008
General and administrative 9,369 13,405
Restructuring charge 9,785
Costs associated with shareowner activism 2,500 3,000
Interest expense 28,498 33,141 24,440 30,304
Depreciation and amortization 44,848   33,274   38,040   34,022  
Total expenses 170,126 119,398 147,503 121,996
 
Nonoperating income, net (2) 15,481   459   14,212   144  
17,539 37,881 32,900 35,719
Income tax benefit (expense) (2) 270 (1,338 ) (1,928 ) (413 )
36,543   35,306  
Equity in income of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 20,275   19,922  
Net income 38,084 50,894
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests:
Noncontrolling share of income of consolidated joint ventures (2,496 ) (2,292 )
Noncontrolling share of income of TRG (8,975 ) (12,998 )
Distributions to participating securities of TRG (577 ) (544 )
Preferred stock dividends (5,785 ) (5,785 )
Net income attributable to Taubman Centers, Inc. common shareowners 20,251   29,275  
 
SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION:
EBITDA - 100% 90,885 104,296 95,380 100,045
EBITDA - outside partners' share (7,435 ) (49,274 ) (7,093 ) (47,138 )
Beneficial interest in EBITDA 83,450 55,022 88,287 52,907
Beneficial interest expense (25,494 ) (17,079 ) (21,495 ) (15,665 )
Beneficial income tax benefit (expense) - TRG and TCO 317 (554 ) (1,898 ) (307 )
Beneficial income tax (benefit) expense - TCO (28 ) 465
Non-real estate depreciation (1,229 ) (591 )
Preferred dividends and distributions (5,785 )   (5,785 )  
Funds from Operations attributable to partnership unitholders and participating securities of TRG 51,231   37,389   58,983   36,935  
 
STRAIGHTLINE AND PURCHASE ACCOUNTING ADJUSTMENTS:
Net straight-line adjustments to rental revenue, recoveries, and ground rent expense at TRG% 828 705 1,420 303
Country Club Plaza purchase accounting adjustments - minimum rents increase at TRG% 39 27
The Mall at Green Hills purchase accounting adjustments - minimum rents increase 44 56
 
(1) With the exception of the Supplemental Information, amounts include 100% of the Unconsolidated Joint Ventures. Amounts are net of intercompany transactions. The Unconsolidated Joint Ventures are presented at 100% in order to allow for measurement of their performance as a whole, without regard to the Company's ownership interest.
(2) During the three months ended December 31, 2017 the Company recognized an $11.6 million gain upon the conversion of the Company's remaining investment in SPG LP Units to common shares of SPG. During the three months ended December 31, 2016, the Company recognized an $11.1 million gain and $0.5 million of income tax expense upon the conversion of a portion of the Company's investment in SPG LP Units to common shares of SPG.
     
TAUBMAN CENTERS, INC.
Table 2 - Income Statement
For the Year Ended December 31, 2017 and 2016
(in thousands of dollars)
      2017 2016
CONSOLIDATED UNCONSOLIDATED CONSOLIDATED UNCONSOLIDATED
BUSINESSES   JOINT VENTURES (1) BUSINESSES   JOINT VENTURES (1)
REVENUES:
Minimum rents 345,557 344,613 333,325 281,892
Overage rents 16,923 25,393 20,020 13,220
Expense recoveries 211,625 186,161 202,467 162,652
Management, leasing, and development services (2) 4,383 28,059
Other 50,677   29,872   28,686   19,152  
Total revenues 629,165 586,039 612,557 476,916
 
EXPENSES:
Maintenance, taxes, utilities, and promotion 167,091 158,437 156,506 130,971
Other operating 94,513 45,371 78,794 28,384
Management, leasing, and development services 2,157 4,042
General and administrative 39,018 48,056
Restructuring charge 13,848
Costs associated with shareowner activism 14,500 3,000
Interest expense 108,572 130,339 86,285 103,185
Depreciation and amortization 167,806   130,537   138,139   97,859  
Total expenses 607,505 464,684 514,822 360,399
 
Nonoperating income, net (3) 23,828   3,010   22,927   656  
45,488 124,365 120,662 117,173
Income tax expense (3) (105 ) (5,837 ) (2,212 ) (728 )
118,528
Gain on disposition, net of tax (4) 3,713    
122,241   116,445  
Equity in income of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 67,374   69,701  
Net income 112,757 188,151
Net income attributable to noncontrolling interests:
Noncontrolling share of income of consolidated joint ventures (6,775 ) (8,105 )
Noncontrolling share of income of TRG (25,277 ) (47,433 )
Distributions to participating securities of TRG (2,300 ) (2,117 )
Preferred stock dividends (23,138 ) (23,138 )
Net income attributable to Taubman Centers, Inc. common shareowners 55,267   107,358  
 
SUPPLEMENTAL INFORMATION:
EBITDA - 100% 321,866 389,685 345,086 318,217
EBITDA - outside partners' share (26,315 ) (184,539 ) (24,329 ) (140,208 )
Beneficial interest in EBITDA 295,551 205,146 320,757 178,009
Beneficial share of gain on disposition (4) (2,814 )
Beneficial interest expense (96,630 ) (67,283 ) (75,954 ) (54,674 )
Beneficial income tax benefit (expense) - TRG and TCO 29 (2,825 ) (2,163 ) (622 )
Beneficial income tax (benefit) expense - TCO (315 ) 446
Non-real estate depreciation (3,596 ) (2,472 )
Preferred dividends and distributions (23,138 )   (23,138 )  
Funds from Operations attributable to partnership unitholders and participating securities of TRG 171,901   132,224   217,476   122,713  
 
STRAIGHTLINE AND PURCHASE ACCOUNTING ADJUSTMENTS:
Net straight-line adjustments to rental revenue, recoveries, and ground rent expense at TRG% 1,261 1,932 2,311 2,316
Country Club Plaza purchase accounting adjustments - minimum rents increase at TRG% 34 109
The Mall at Green Hills purchase accounting adjustments - minimum rents increase 174 223
 
(1) With the exception of the Supplemental Information, amounts include 100% of the Unconsolidated Joint Ventures. Amounts are net of intercompany transactions. The Unconsolidated Joint Ventures are presented at 100% in order to allow for measurement of their performance as a whole, without regard to the Company's ownership interest.
(2) The 2016 amount includes the $21.7 million lump sum payment received in May 2016 for the termination of the Company's third party leasing agreement at Crystals due to a change in ownership in the center.
(3) During the year ended December 31, 2017, the Company recognized an $11.6 million gain upon the conversion of the Company's remaining investment in SPG LP Units to common shares of SPG. During the year ended December 31, 2016, the Company recognized an $11.1 million gain and $0.5 million of income tax expense upon the conversion of a portion of the Company's investment in SPG LP Units to common shares of SPG.
(4) During the year ended December 31, 2017, the joint venture that owns the Valencia Place office tower at Country Club Plaza recognized a $4.4 million gain ($2.8 million at TRG's share) and $0.7 million of income tax expense ($0.7 million at TRG's share) in connection with the sale of the office tower.
 

TAUBMAN CENTERS, INC.
Use of Non-GAAP Financial Measures

The Company uses certain non-GAAP operating measures, including EBITDA, beneficial interest in EBITDA, Net Operating Income, and Funds from Operations. These measures are reconciled to the most comparable GAAP measures. Additional information as to the use of these measures are as follows.

EBITDA represents earnings before interest, income taxes, and depreciation and amortization of the Operating Partnership's consolidated and unconsolidated businesses. Beneficial interest in EBITDA represents the Operating Partnership’s share of the earnings before interest, income taxes, and depreciation and amortization of its consolidated and unconsolidated businesses. The Company believes EBITDA and beneficial interest in EBITDA provide useful indicators of operating performance, as it is customary in the real estate and shopping center business to evaluate the performance of properties on a basis unaffected by capital structure.

The Company uses Net Operating Income (NOI) as an alternative measure to evaluate the operating performance of centers, both on individual and stabilized portfolio bases. The Company defines NOI as property-level operating revenues (includes rental income excluding straight-line adjustments of minimum rent) less maintenance, taxes, utilities, promotion, ground rent (including straight-line adjustments), and other property operating expenses. Since NOI excludes general and administrative expenses, pre-development charges, interest income and expense, depreciation and amortization, impairment charges, restructuring charges, and gains from peripheral land and property dispositions, it provides a performance measure that, when compared period over period, reflects the revenues and expenses most directly associated with owning and operating rental properties, as well as the impact on their operations from trends in tenant sales, occupancy and rental rates, and operating costs. The Company also uses NOI excluding lease cancellation income as an alternative measure because this income may vary significantly from period to period, which can affect comparability and trend analysis. The Company generally provides separate projections for expected comparable center NOI growth and lease cancellation income. Comparable centers are generally defined as centers that were owned and open for the entire current and preceding period presented, excluding centers impacted by significant redevelopment activity. In addition, The Mall of San Juan has been excluded from “comparable center” statistics as a result of Hurricane Maria and the expectation that the center’s performance will be impacted for the foreseeable future.

The National Association of Real Estate Investment Trusts (NAREIT) defines Funds from Operations (FFO) as net income (computed in accordance with Generally Accepted Accounting Principles (GAAP)), excluding gains (or losses) from extraordinary items and sales of properties and impairment writedowns of depreciable real estate, plus real estate related depreciation and after adjustments for unconsolidated partnerships and joint ventures. The Company believes that FFO is a useful supplemental measure of operating performance for REITs. Historical cost accounting for real estate assets implicitly assumes that the value of real estate assets diminishes predictably over time. Since real estate values instead have historically risen or fallen with market conditions, the Company and most industry investors and analysts have considered presentations of operating results that exclude historical cost depreciation to be useful in evaluating the operating performance of REITs. The Company primarily uses FFO in measuring performance and in formulating corporate goals and compensation.

The Company may also present adjusted versions of NOI, beneficial interest in EBITDA, and FFO when used by management to evaluate operating performance when certain significant items have impacted results that affect comparability with prior or future periods due to the nature or amounts of these items. The Company believes the disclosure of the adjusted items is similarly useful to investors and others to understand management's view on comparability of such measures between periods. For the three months and year ended December 31, 2017, FFO and EBITDA were adjusted to exclude a restructuring charge, costs incurred associated with shareowner activism, and a gain recognized upon the conversion of the Company's remaining investment in SPG LP Units to common shares of SPG. For the year ended December 31, 2017, FFO was also adjusted for a charge recognized in connection with the partial write-off of deferred financing costs related to an amendment of the Company's primary unsecured revolving line of credit in February 2017. For the year ended December 31, 2017, EBITDA was also adjusted to exclude a gain recognized in connection with the sale of the Valencia Place office tower at Country Club Plaza. For the three months and year ended December 31, 2016, FFO and EBITDA were adjusted to exclude costs incurred associated with shareowner activism and a gain, net of tax recognized upon the conversion of a portion of the Company's investment in SPG LP Units to common shares of SPG. For the year ended December 31, 2016, FFO and EBITDA were also adjusted to exclude the lump sum payment received in May 2016 for the termination of the Company's third party leasing agreement at The Shops at Crystals (Crystals) due to a change in ownership of the center. These non-GAAP measures as presented by the Company are not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures used by other REITs due to the fact that not all REITs use the same definitions. These measures should not be considered alternatives to net income or as an indicator of the Company's operating performance. Additionally, these measures do not represent cash flows from operating, investing, or financing activities as defined by GAAP. The Company also provides its beneficial interest in certain financial information of its Unconsolidated Joint Ventures. This beneficial information is derived as the Company’s ownership interest in the investee multiplied by the specific financial statement item being presented. Investors are cautioned that deriving the Company’s beneficial interest in this manner may not accurately depict the legal and economic implications of holding a non-controlling interest in the investee.

These non-GAAP measures as presented by the Company are not necessarily comparable to similarly titled measures used by other REITs due to the fact that not all REITs use the same definitions. These measures should not be considered alternatives to net income or as an indicator of the Company's operating performance. Additionally, these measures do not represent cash flows from operating, investing, or financing activities as defined by GAAP.

The Company provides its beneficial interest in certain financial information of its Unconsolidated Joint Ventures. This beneficial information is derived as the Company’s ownership interest in the investee multiplied by the specific financial statement item being presented. Investors are cautioned that deriving the Company’s beneficial interest in this manner may not accurately depict the legal and economic implications of holding a non-controlling interest in the investee.

         
TAUBMAN CENTERS, INC.
Table 3 - Reconciliation of Net Income Attributable to Taubman Centers, Inc. Common Shareowners to Funds From Operations and Adjusted Funds From Operations
For the Three Months Ended December 31, 2017 and 2016
(in thousands of dollars except as noted; may not add or recalculate due to rounding)
 
2017 2016
Shares Per Share Shares Per Share
Dollars /Units /Unit Dollars /Units /Unit
Net income attributable to TCO common shareowners - basic 20,251 60,737,750 0.33 29,275 60,427,603 0.48
 
Add impact of share-based compensation 40   367,344     86   565,777    
 
Net income attributable to TCO common shareowners - diluted 20,291 61,105,094 0.33 29,361 60,993,380 0.48
 
Add depreciation of TCO's additional basis 1,617 0.03 1,617 0.03
Add (less) TCO's additional income tax (benefit) expense (28 )   (0.00 ) 465     0.01  
 
Net income attributable to TCO common shareowners,
excluding step-up depreciation and additional income tax (benefit) expense 21,880 61,105,094 0.36 31,443 60,993,380 0.52
 
Add noncontrolling share of income of TRG 8,975 24,955,434 12,998 25,046,278
Add distributions to participating securities of TRG 577   871,262     544   871,262    
 
Net income attributable to partnership unitholders
and participating securities of TRG 31,432 86,931,790 0.36 44,985 86,910,920 0.52
 
Add (less) depreciation and amortization:
Consolidated businesses at 100% 44,848 0.52 38,040 0.44
Depreciation of TCO's additional basis (1,617 ) (0.02 ) (1,617 ) (0.02 )
Noncontrolling partners in consolidated joint ventures (1,888 ) (0.02 ) (1,826 ) (0.02 )
Share of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 17,114 0.20 17,013 0.20
Non-real estate depreciation (1,229 ) (0.01 ) (591 ) (0.01 )
 
Less impact of share-based compensation (40 )   (0.00 ) (86 )   (0.00 )
 
Funds from Operations attributable to partnership unitholders
and participating securities of TRG 88,620 86,931,790 1.02 95,918 86,910,920 1.10
 
TCO's average ownership percentage of TRG - basic (1) 70.9 % 70.7 %
 
Funds from Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners,
excluding additional income tax benefit (expense) (1) 62,812 1.02 67,811 1.10
 
Add (less) TCO's additional income tax benefit (expense) 28   0.00   (465 ) (0.01 )
 
Funds from Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners (1) 62,840   1.02   67,346   1.10  
 
Funds from Operations attributable to partnership unitholders
and participating securities of TRG 88,620 86,931,790 1.02 95,918 86,910,920 1.10
 
Restructuring charge 9,785 0.10
Costs associated with shareowner activism 2,500 0.03 3,000 0.03
Gains on SPG common stock conversions (11,613 ) (0.13 ) (11,069 ) (0.13 )
Adjusted Funds from Operations attributable to partnership unitholders
and participating securities of TRG 89,292 86,931,790 1.03 87,849 86,910,920 1.01
 
TCO's average ownership percentage of TRG - basic (2) 70.9 % 70.7 %
Adjusted Funds from Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners,
excluding additional income tax benefit (2) 63,289 1.03 62,107 1.01
 
Add TCO's additional income tax benefit     1   0.00  
 
Adjusted Funds from Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners (2) 63,289   1.03   62,108   1.01  
 
(1) For the three months ended December 31, 2017, Funds from Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners was $61,946 using TCO's diluted average ownership percentage of TRG of 69.9%. For the three months ended December 31, 2016, Funds from Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners was $66,225 using TCO's diluted average ownership percentage of TRG of 69.5%.
(2) For the three months ended December 31, 2017, Adjusted Funds from Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners was $62,387 using TCO's diluted average ownership percentage of TRG of 69.9%. For the three months ended December 31, 2016, Adjusted Funds from Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners was $61,081 using TCO's diluted average ownership percentage of TRG of 69.5%.
           
TAUBMAN CENTERS, INC.
Table 4 - Reconciliation of Net Income Attributable to Taubman Centers, Inc. Common Shareowners to Funds from Operations and Adjusted Funds from Operations
For the Year Ended December 31, 2017 and 2016
(in thousands of dollars except as noted; may not add or recalculate due to rounding)
 
2017 2016
Shares Per Share Shares Per Share
Dollars /Units /Unit Dollars /Units /Unit
Net income attributable to TCO common shareowners - basic 55,267 60,675,129 0.91 107,358 60,363,416 1.78
 
Add impact of share-based compensation 114   365,366     257   466,139    
 
Net income attributable to TCO common shareowners - diluted 55,381 61,040,495 0.91 107,615 60,829,555 1.77
 
Add depreciation of TCO's additional basis 6,468 0.11 6,468 0.11
Add (less) TCO's additional income tax (benefit) expense (315 )   (0.01 ) 446     0.01  
 
Net income attributable to TCO common shareowners,
excluding step-up depreciation and additional income tax (benefit) expense 61,534 61,040,495 1.02 114,529 60,829,555 1.88
 
Add noncontrolling share of income of TRG 25,277 24,965,157 47,433 25,055,654
Add distributions to participating securities of TRG 2,300   871,262     2,117   871,262    
 
Net income attributable to partnership unitholders
and participating securities of TRG 89,111 86,876,914 1.03 164,079 86,756,471 1.89
 
Add (less) depreciation and amortization:
Consolidated businesses at 100% 167,806 1.93 138,139 1.59
Depreciation of TCO's additional basis (6,468 ) (0.07 ) (6,468 ) (0.07 )
Noncontrolling partners in consolidated joint ventures (7,464 ) (0.09 ) (5,844 ) (0.07 )
Share of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 66,933 0.77 53,012 0.61
Non-real estate depreciation (3,596 ) (0.04 ) (2,472 ) (0.03 )
 
Less beneficial gain on disposition, net of tax (2,083 ) (0.02 )
Less impact of share-based compensation (114 )   (0.00 ) (257 )   (0.00 )
 
Funds from Operations attributable to partnership unitholders
and participating securities of TRG 304,125 86,876,914 3.50 340,189 86,756,471 3.92
 
TCO's average ownership percentage of TRG - basic (1) 70.8 % 70.7 %
 
Funds from Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners,
excluding additional income tax benefit (expense) (1) 215,471 3.50 240,409 3.92
 
Add (less) TCO's additional income tax benefit (expense) 315   0.00   (446 ) (0.01 )
 
Funds from Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners (1) 215,786   3.51   239,963   3.91  
 
Funds from Operations attributable to partnership unitholders
and participating securities of TRG 304,125 86,876,914 3.50 340,189 86,756,471 3.92
 
Restructuring charge 13,848 0.16
Costs associated with shareowner activism 14,500 0.17 3,000 0.03
Partial write-off of deferred financing costs 413 0.00
Gains on SPG common stock conversions (11,613 ) (0.13 ) (11,069 ) (0.13 )
Crystals lump sum payment for termination of leasing agreement       (21,702 )   (0.25 )
Adjusted Funds from Operations attributable to partnership unitholders
and participating securities of TRG 321,273 86,876,914 3.70 310,418 86,756,471 3.58
 
TCO's average ownership percentage of TRG - basic (2) 70.8 % 70.7 %
Adjusted Funds from Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners,
excluding additional income tax benefit (2) 227,619 3.70 219,370 3.58
 
Add TCO's additional income tax benefit     20   0.00  
 
Adjusted Funds from Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners (2) 227,619   3.70   219,390   3.58  
 
(1) For the year ended December 31, 2017, Funds from Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners was $212,715 using TCO's diluted average ownership percentage of TRG of 69.8%. For the year ended December 31, 2016, Funds from Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners was $236,257 using TCO's diluted average ownership percentage of TRG of 69.6%.
(2) For the year ended December 31, 2017, Adjusted Funds from Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners was $224,374 using TCO's diluted average ownership percentage of TRG of 69.8%. For the year ended December 31, 2016, Adjusted Funds from Operations attributable to TCO's common shareowners was $215,994 using TCO's diluted average ownership percentage of TRG of 69.6%.
       
TAUBMAN CENTERS, INC.
Table 5 - Reconciliation of Net Income to Beneficial Interest in EBITDA and Adjusted Beneficial Interest in EBITDA
For the Periods Ended December 31, 2017 and 2016
(in thousands of dollars; amounts attributable to TCO may not recalculate due to rounding)
   
Three Months Ended Year to Date
2017 2016 2017 2016
Net income 38,084 50,894 112,757 188,151
 
Add (less) depreciation and amortization:
Consolidated businesses at 100% 44,848 38,040 167,806 138,139
Noncontrolling partners in consolidated joint ventures (1,888 ) (1,826 ) (7,464 ) (5,844 )
Share of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 17,114 17,013 66,933 53,012
 
Add (less) interest expense and income tax expense (benefit):
Interest expense:
Consolidated businesses at 100% 28,498 24,440 108,572 86,285
Noncontrolling partners in consolidated joint ventures (3,004 ) (2,945 ) (11,942 ) (10,331 )
Share of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 17,079 15,665 67,283 54,674
Income tax expense (benefit):
Consolidated businesses at 100% (270 ) 1,462 105 1,746
Noncontrolling partners in consolidated joint ventures (47 ) (30 ) (134 ) (49 )
Share of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 554 307 2,825 622
Income tax expense on SPG common stock conversion 466 466
Share of income tax expense on disposition 731
 
Less noncontrolling share of income of consolidated joint ventures (2,496 ) (2,292 ) (6,775 ) (8,105 )
 
Beneficial interest in EBITDA 138,472 141,194 500,697 498,766
 
TCO's average ownership percentage of TRG - basic 70.9 % 70.7 % 70.8 % 70.7 %
 
Beneficial interest in EBITDA attributable to TCO 98,146   99,814   354,740   352,465  
 
Beneficial interest in EBITDA 138,472 141,194 500,697 498,766
 
Add (less):
Restructuring charge 9,785 13,848
Costs associated with shareowner activism 2,500 3,000 14,500 3,000
Beneficial share of gain on disposition (2,814 )
Gains on SPG common stock conversions (11,613 ) (11,069 ) (11,613 ) (11,069 )
Crystals lump sum payment for termination of leasing agreement       (21,702 )
 
Adjusted Beneficial interest in EBITDA 139,144 133,125 514,618 468,995
 
TCO's average ownership percentage of TRG - basic 70.9 % 70.7 % 70.8 % 70.7 %
 
Adjusted Beneficial interest in EBITDA attributable to TCO 98,623   94,116   364,603   331,434  
 
TAUBMAN CENTERS, INC.
Table 6 - Reconciliation of Net Income to Net Operating Income (NOI)
For the Periods Ended December 31, 2017, 2016, and 2015
(in thousands of dollars)
  Three Months Ended Three Months Ended Year Ended Year Ended
2017 2016 2016 2015 2017 2016 2016 2015
Net income 38,084 50,894 50,894 46,595 112,757 188,151 188,151 192,557
 
Add (less) depreciation and amortization:
Consolidated businesses at 100% 44,848 38,040 38,040 28,780 167,806 138,139 138,139 106,355
Noncontrolling partners in consolidated joint ventures (1,888 ) (1,826 ) (1,826 ) (1,085 ) (7,464 ) (5,844 ) (5,844 ) (3,681 )
Share of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 17,114 17,013 17,013 9,133 66,933 53,012 53,012 34,361
 
Add (less) interest expense and income tax expense (benefit):
Interest expense:
Consolidated businesses at 100% 28,498 24,440 24,440 18,590 108,572 86,285 86,285 63,041
Noncontrolling partners in consolidated joint ventures (3,004 ) (2,945 ) (2,945 ) (1,871 ) (11,942 ) (10,331 ) (10,331 ) (6,965 )
Share of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 17,079 15,665 15,665 11,365 67,283 54,674 54,674 45,564
Income tax expense (benefit):
Consolidated businesses at 100% (270 ) 1,462 1,462 138 105 1,746 1,746 2,248
Noncontrolling partners in consolidated joint ventures (47 ) (30 ) (30 ) (134 ) (49 ) (49 )
Share of Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 554 307 307 2,825 622 622
Income tax expense on SPG common stock conversion 466 466 466 466
Share of income tax expense on disposition 731
Reduction of income tax expense on dispositions of International Plaza, Arizona Mills, and Oyster Bay (437 )
 
Less noncontrolling share of income of consolidated joint ventures (2,496 ) (2,292 ) (2,292 ) (3,179 ) (6,775 ) (8,105 ) (8,105 ) (11,222 )
 
Add EBITDA attributable to outside partners:
EBITDA attributable to noncontrolling partners in consolidated joint ventures 7,435 7,093 7,093 6,135 26,315 24,329 24,329 21,868
EBITDA attributable to outside partners in Unconsolidated Joint Ventures 49,274 47,138 47,138 32,969 184,539 140,208 140,208 116,024
Add beneficial interest in UJV impairment charge - Miami Worldcenter       11,754         11,754  
EBITDA at 100% 195,181 195,425 195,425 159,324 711,551 663,303 663,303 571,467
 
Add (less) items excluded from shopping center NOI:
General and administrative expenses 9,369 13,405 13,405 13,132 39,018 48,056 48,056 45,727
Management, leasing, and development services, net (485 ) (728 ) (728 ) (1,697 ) (2,226 ) (24,017 ) (1) (24,017 ) (1) (7,263 )
Restructuring charge 9,785 13,848
Costs associated with shareowner activism 2,500 3,000 3,000 14,500 3,000 3,000
Straight-line of rents (2,861 ) (1,908 ) (1,908 ) (1,417 ) (7,698 ) (7,620 ) (7,620 ) (5,211 )
Gains on SPG common stock conversions (11,613 ) (11,069 ) (11,069 ) (11,613 ) (11,069 ) (11,069 )
Insurance recoveries - The Mall of San Juan (1,101 ) (1,101 )
Gain on disposition (4,445 )
Gains on sales of peripheral land (2,613 ) (1,828 ) (1,828 )
Dividend income (1,091 ) (974 ) (974 ) (944 ) (4,219 ) (3,836 ) (3,836 ) (3,570 )
Interest income (2,202 ) (2,309 ) (2,309 ) (403 ) (7,251 ) (6,488 ) (6,488 ) (1,999 )
Other nonoperating expense (income) 67 (4 ) (4 ) (192 ) (41 ) (362 ) (362 ) 314
Unallocated operating expenses and other 12,443   12,574   12,574   12,319   39,256   44,576   44,576   36,651  
 
NOI at 100% - total portfolio 209,992 207,412 207,412 180,122 776,966 703,715 703,715 636,116
 
Less NOI of non-comparable centers (40,408 ) (2) (37,984 ) (3) (37,984 ) (3) (11,238 ) (4) (152,970 ) (2) (90,229 ) (3) (90,229 ) (3) (42,862 ) (4)
 
NOI at 100% - comparable centers 169,584   169,428   169,428   168,884   623,996   613,486   613,486   593,254  
 
NOI - growth % 0.1 % 0.3 % 1.7 % 3.4 %
 
NOI at 100% - comparable centers 169,584 169,428 169,428 168,884 623,996 613,486 613,486 593,254
 
Lease cancellation income (2,699 ) (3,325 ) (3,325 ) (2,667 ) (12,669 ) (6,200 ) (6,200 ) (8,865 )
 
NOI at 100% - comparable centers excluding lease cancellation income 166,885   166,103   166,103   166,217   611,327   607,286   607,286   584,389  
 
NOI at 100% excluding lease cancellation income - growth % 0.5 % (0.1 )% 0.7 % 3.9 %
 
(1) Amount includes the lump sum payment of $21.7 million received in May 2016 in connection with the termination of the Company's third party leasing agreement at Crystals due to a change in ownership of the center.
(2) Includes Beverly Center, CityOn.Xi'an, CityOn.Zhengzhou, Country Club Plaza, International Market Place, The Mall of San Juan, and Starfield Hanam.
(3) Includes Beverly Center, CityOn.Xi'an, Country Club Plaza, International Market Place, The Mall of San Juan, Starfield Hanam, and certain post-closing adjustments relating to the portfolio of centers sold to Starwood.
(4) Includes Beverly Center and The Mall of San Juan.
 
TAUBMAN CENTERS, INC.
Table 7 - Annual Guidance
(all dollar amounts per common share on a diluted basis; amounts may not add due to rounding)
       
 
Range for the Year Ended

December 31, 2018 (1)

 
Funds from Operations per common share 3.72 3.86
 
Real estate depreciation - TRG (2.43 ) (2.33 )
 
Distributions to participating securities of TRG (0.03 ) (0.03 )
 
Depreciation of TCO's additional basis in TRG (0.11 ) (0.11 )
 
Net income attributable to common shareowners, per common share (EPS) 1.15   1.39  
 

(1) This guidance does not reflect any future costs that may be incurred related to shareowner activism.

 

Source: Taubman Centers, Inc.

Ryan Hurren, Taubman, Director, Investor Relations, 248-258-7232

rhurren@taubman.com

or

Maria Mainville, Taubman, Director, Strategic Communications, 248-258-7469

mmainville@taubman.com

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TCO 53.28
Change+0.06(+0.1%) Volume: 1,030,830 October 15, 2018